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The South Asian Association for Regional Corporation ( SAARC )

Posted: October 14, 2015 at 8:11 am   /   by   /   comments (0)

SAARC is an organization  of  eight countries  located in the South Asia  and  it stands for  the South Asian Association for Regional Corporation.  The Secretariat of this organization is located in the Kathmandu  which is capital of Nepal.  3% of the area of the world is represented by SAARC countires. It is  around  1.7 billion of the  people  and it is  21% of the  world population.

All  six member countries share boarders with  the big brother of the  SAARC nations India.  Only exception is  Afghanistan. Late President of Bangladesh Ziaur Rahman  first raised the necessity of  regional and political  and economical cooperation in the South Asia  on  the  2nd May 1980. Subsequently on  the  8th  of December 1985 fist    SAARC countries summit was held  in Dhaka Capital of Bangladesh.  

Initial members of the SAARC countries  were  India, Bangladesh, Pakistan,  Bhutan, Neola, Maldives   and Sri Lanka.  Later  another country Afghanistan was awarded the full membership and there are several other  countries were given observer memberships.

Objective  of the SAARC  to  develop economies, collective  self reliance  in the South Asian countries and  to step up the  social and cultural  development in South Asian countries.  

SAARC has  established  permanent diplomatic relations with the  European Union and  United Nations as   observers.  Foreign Minsters of the SAARC counties are met  twice a year and  the official meeting of the   leaders  of the SAARC countries  are held  once a year. On 26th and 27th November 2014  18th SAARC  country leaders summit was held in  the Kathmandu capital of Nepal.

Regional Centers have been established  in members  countries  in  order to promote  regional cooperation.   These  centers are  handled by  Boards  of representatives from all SAARC countries. Such regional centers are , Dhaka, Bangladesh, SAARC Meteorological Research Centre (SMRC), Dhaka, Bangladesh, SAARC Tuberculosis and HIV/AIDS Centre (STAC), Kathmandu, Nepal, SAARC Documentation Centre (SDC), New Delhi, India, SAARC Human Resources Development Centre (SHRDC), Islamabad, Pakistan, SAARC Coastal Zone Management Centre (SCZMC), Maldives, SAARC Information Centre (SIC), Nepal, SAARC Energy Centre (SEC), Pakistan, SAARC Disaster Management Centre (SDMC), India, SAARC Forestry Centre (SFC), Bhutan and SAARC Cultural Centre (SCC), Sri Lanka.

The main objective of the SAARC organization is the lasting peace and prosperity of its member nations.  Political situation is discussed at meetings and   member countries are desist from interfering in the domestic issues  of the member countries.  It is specific and  in the 13th SAARC  meeting  emphasis was  made  in  cooperation among SAARC countries  to fight collectively against the terrorism.  

Visa exemption scheme was instituted  in the year 1992  by SAARC countries.   On 29th and 31st December 1988  at the fourth SAARC summit which was held at Islamabad in Pakistan  leaders realized the  significance of  having   cooperation among the peoples of SAARC countries.  It decided that certain categories of  dignitaries should be entitled to a special travel  document  which would exempt them from visas  within the SAARC countries.  Visa exemption categories are Parlimentarians,  judges of higher courts,  Senior Government  Officials, Jounalists,  Businessmen and  Sportsman.

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